Course: Philosophical Pressupositions of the Problem "Man and Nature"

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Course title Philosophical Pressupositions of the Problem "Man and Nature"
Course code KFL/FCP
Organizational form of instruction Lesson
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements Course does not contain work placement
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
Lecturer(s)
  • Bartoš Vít, Mgr. Ph.D.
Course content
1. Logical positivism. 2. Semantic theory of truth. 3. Falsification model of science and hypothesis of the third world. 4. Quin?s critique of empiric dogmas (analytic and synthetic truth, redukcionism). 5. Structure of science theories. 6. Status of theoretical entities. 7. Development of science and the scientific revolution. 8. Rational reconstruction of the development of scientific cognition. 9. Methodological anarchism. 10 Constructivism and its critique. 11. Hermeneutics and semiotics. 12. Realism in sciences and the problem of ontological status of the law of nature. 13. Causal and teleological explanation. 14. Explanation and understanding.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monological explanation (lecture, presentation,briefing), Dialogue metods(conversation,discussion,brainstorming)
  • Class attendance - 28 hours per semester
  • Preparation for credit - 30 hours per semester
  • Semestral paper - 50 hours per semester
  • Home preparation for classes - 20 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The course deals with relation of philosophy and science, ranging over philosophy of science and epistemology. Students get introduced to the main movements of contemporary philosophy of science and theories of main representatives. Students also get acquainted with basic terms and problems of philosophly of science: observation and the evidence problem; the truth problem and verification; the problem of ontological status of law of nature; the problem of causal and teleological explication; realism vs. constructivism; the structure of scientific theories; the scientific revolution.
The students will acknowledge themselves with the informations acording to the goal and the matter of the course.
Prerequisites
Preconditions are frased in the annotation of the course and in the curriculum of the studying programme.

Assessment methods and criteria
Written exam, Essay

presentation, test and seminar work
Recommended literature
  • Brian Greene. Elegantní vesmír..
  • Brownová Janet. Darwinův Původ druhů.
  • Capra F. Tkáň života.
  • HAWKING Stephen W. Stručná historie času.
  • Jacob Francois. Hra s možnostmi.
  • KOYRÉ, Alexandre. Od uzavřeného světa k nekonečnému vesmíru, Praha: Vyšehrad 2004, ISBN80-7021-586-0..
  • Krob, J. Hledání, času, místa, smyslu.
  • Larson Edward J.. Evoluce : Pozoruhodný příběh dějin vědecké teorie, Praha : Slovart, 2009,.
  • Monod Jacques. Náhoda a nutnost.
  • ŠMAJS Josef, KROB Josef. Evoluční ontologie.
  • WHITEHEAD, A. Dobrodružství idejí. Praha: OIKOYMENH, 2000. ISBN 80-7298-009-2.
  • Whitehead, A. N. Symbolismus, jeho význam a účin.
  • Wilson, Edward O. Konsilience - jednota vědění.
  • WILSON, Edward O. O lidské přirozenosti: máme svobodnou vůli, nebo je naše chování řízeno genetickým kódem? Praha: Lidové noviny, 1993. 247 s. ISBN 80-7106-076-3..


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Science, Humanities and Education Study plan (Version): Education in Leisure Time (20) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Recommended year of study:-, Recommended semester: -
Faculty: Faculty of Science, Humanities and Education Study plan (Version): Professional studies for lower-secondary school teachers. (18) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Recommended year of study:-, Recommended semester: -
Faculty: Faculty of Science, Humanities and Education Study plan (Version): Professional studies for lower-secondary school teachers. (15) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Recommended year of study:-, Recommended semester: -
Faculty: Faculty of Science, Humanities and Education Study plan (Version): Education in Leisure Time (20) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Recommended year of study:-, Recommended semester: -
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