Course: Physics I

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Course title Physics I
Course code KFY/FY1*M
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 6
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements Course does not contain work placement
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
Lecturer(s)
  • Šulc Miroslav, doc. RNDr. Ph.D.
Course content
Physical and the World, physical methods, physical quantities, international system of units, basics of vector calculus. Kinematics of a particle. Frame of reference, position, trajectory, average velocity, instantaneous velocity. Acceleration of a particle, uniform motion, motion with constant acceleration, non-uniform and uniform circular motion, motion on general curve. Dynamics of a particle. Mass, force, the Newton's first law, momentum, the Newton's second law, impulse, the Newton's third law, weight force, friction force, elastic force, centrifugal forces. Equation of motion, numerical and analytical solution. Galilean transformation, motion in a non-inertial frame of reference. Newton's law of universal gravitation. Gravitational field. Intensity of gravitational field, gravitational field of the Earth. Work, power, efficiency, kinetic and potential energy, law of mechanical energy conservation. Work and potential energy in gravitational field, potential of gravitational field. Dynamics of a system of particles. The Newton's second law for a system of particles, principle of conservation of momentum, moment of force, momentum. Centre of mass, rotational analog of Newton's second law for a system of particles, principle of conservation of an angular momentum. Dynamics of a rigid body, centre of mass of a body, translational and rotational motion of a rigid body, moment of inertia of a body, angular momentum of a body, the equation of rotational motion, work and power in rotational motion, equilibrium of rigid bodies. Free oscillations without damping, dynamics of oscillations, kinematics of oscillations, energy of an oscillator. Physical and simple pendulum. Superposition of oscillations of the same frequency, vector methods in superposition of oscillations, superposition of oscillations of different frequencies. Free damped oscillations, forced oscillations, resonance. Waves. Wave equation, harmonic waves, superposition of waves, standing waves, waves in limited space, waves propagating in a free space. Group velocity, dispersion, energy in a wave, Doppler effect. Reflection and refraction of waves. Intensity. Acoustics, sound, ultrasound. Molecular physics. Amount of substances. Thermodynamics. Internal energy, heat. State values, pressure, temperature, volume, measurement of these ones. The ideal-gas law, kinetic theory of gases. Thermodynamics system. Heat, calorimetric equation, conduction of heat, changes of states. The first law of thermodynamics. Entropy. The second law of thermodynamics, Heat engines, Carnot cycle.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monological explanation (lecture, presentation,briefing), Practicum
  • Class attendance - 84 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The first part of the basic physics course is introduction to study of physics. Course starts with a description of physical quantities. It forms basics physical lows and spreads physical thinking. It is focused first on mechanics of particle, system of particles and rigid body, oscillations and waves, acoustics, molecular physics and thermodynamics.
Fundamental knowledge of physics (mechanics, thermodynamics).
Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of physics and mathematics from secondary school

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral exam, Written exam

Requirements for credit are activity on practising and successful passing tests. Examination is in written and oral form.
Recommended literature
  • Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walker, J. Fyzika, část 1: Mechanika; část 2: Mechanika - Termodynamika. Praha: Prométheus, 2000. ISBN 81-7196-213-9.
  • HORÁK, Z., KRUPKA, F. Fyzika, Sv. 1 a 2. SNTL Praha, 1976.
  • Kolektiv. Výkladový slovník fyziky pro VŠ kurz. Prometheus, 1999.
  • KOPAL, A. a kol. FYZIKA I. Liberec: TUL, 2009. ISBN 978-80-7372-477-1.
  • Kopal A. a kol. Příklady z fyziky I.. Liberec: TUL, 2008. ISBN 978-80-7372-305-7.
  • Šanderová, V., Kracík, J. Fyzika. Praha: SNTL, 1989.
  • Šantavý, I. Mechanika. SPN Praha, 1993.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Mechatronics, Informatics and Interdisciplinary Studies Study plan (Version): Applied Sciences in Engineering (2019) Category: Special and interdisciplinary fields 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Summer
Faculty: Faculty of Mechatronics, Informatics and Interdisciplinary Studies Study plan (Version): Applied Sciences in Engineering (2016) Category: Special and interdisciplinary fields 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Summer
Faculty: Faculty of Mechatronics, Informatics and Interdisciplinary Studies Study plan (Version): Electronic Information and Control Systems (2012) Category: Electrical engineering, telecommunication and IT 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Summer
Faculty: Faculty of Mechatronics, Informatics and Interdisciplinary Studies Study plan (Version): Electronic Information and Control Systems (2012) Category: Electrical engineering, telecommunication and IT 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Summer