Physical and the World, physical methods, physical quantities, international system of units, basics of vector calculus. Kinematics of a particle. Frame of reference, position, trajectory, average velocity, instantaneous velocity. Acceleration of a particle, uniform motion, motion with constant acceleration, nonuniform and uniform circular motion, motion on general curve. Dynamics of a particle. Mass, force, the Newton's first law, momentum, the Newton's second law, impulse, the Newton's third law, weight force, friction force, elastic force, centrifugal forces. Equation of motion, numerical and analytical solution. Galilean transformation, motion in a noninertial frame of reference. Newton's law of universal gravitation. Gravitational field. Intensity of gravitational field, gravitational field of the Earth. Work, power, efficiency, kinetic and potential energy, law of mechanical energy conservation. Work and potential energy in gravitational field, potential of gravitational field. Dynamics of a system of particles. The Newton's second law for a system of particles, principle of conservation of momentum, moment of force, momentum. Centre of mass, rotational analog of Newton's second law for a system of particles, principle of conservation of an angular momentum. Dynamics of a rigid body, centre of mass of a body, translational and rotational motion of a rigid body, moment of inertia of a body, angular momentum of a body, the equation of rotational motion, work and power in rotational motion, equilibrium of rigid bodies. Free oscillations without damping, dynamics of oscillations, kinematics of oscillations, energy of an oscillator. Physical and simple pendulum. Superposition of oscillations of the same frequency, vector methods in superposition of oscillations, superposition of oscillations of different frequencies. Free damped oscillations, forced oscillations, resonance. Waves. Wave equation, harmonic waves, superposition of waves, standing waves, waves in limited space, waves propagating in a free space. Group velocity, dispersion, energy in a wave, Doppler effect. Reflection and refraction of waves. Intensity. Acoustics, sound, ultrasound. Molecular physics. Amount of substances. Thermodynamics. Internal energy, heat. State values, pressure, temperature, volume, measurement of these ones. The idealgas law, kinetic theory of gases. Thermodynamics system. Heat, calorimetric equation, conduction of heat, changes of states. The first law of thermodynamics. Entropy. The second law of thermodynamics, Heat engines, Carnot cycle.


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