Course: Physics 3

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Course title Physics 3
Course code KFY/FY3*M
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements Course does not contain work placement
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
Lecturer(s)
  • Šulc Miroslav, doc. RNDr. Ph.D.
Course content
Electromagnetic waves and their properties, Maxwell's equation in matter, material equations. Transversal nature of planar electromagnetic wave, wave energy density, intensity and electromagnetic radiation pressure, polarization of elmg. wave, reflection and refraction of planar wave. Superposition principle, interference, coherent beams, Babinet's principle, Young's experiment, optical gratings, Michelson's interferometer. Interference in thin film, diffraction for single aperture, circular aperture, diffraction at the edge, holography, elmg. wave scattering, light propagation in solids, double refraction, optical activity, electro- and magneto-optical phenomena, nonlinear phenomena, fotoelasticimetry. Geometrical optics approximation, Fermat's principle and principle of least action in today's physics, refraction and reflection at the spherical interface, paraxial approximation, sign rule, thin lens, lens imaging aberration, magnifying glass, microscope, telescope, camera, projector, eye and its physiology, resolution, vision mechanisms, color vision. Photometry - radiant power, spectral density, luminous flux, illuminance, luminance, luminous intensity. Relativistic phenomena in optics - Doppler's phenomenon, synchrotron radiation, brake radiation. Fundamentals of quantum optics - thermal radiation, cavity radiation, Wien and Stefan-Boltzmann's radiation law, Planck's law, Einstein's hypothesis for elmg. field quanta, photoelectric phenomenon, Compton's phenomenon. Foundations of quantum mechanics - de Broglie's hypothesis, electron and ion optics. Physical system state, probability interpretation, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, observable quantity, operator, characteristic values for operator, average value for observable quantity. Operators for impulse, kinetic energy, Hamilton's function. Schrödinger's equation, stationary and non-stacionary states. Electronic orbitals, angular momentum in quantum mechanics, spin, stacionary states of electron in hydrogen atom, energy quanta, quantum numbers. Many-electron atoms, energy levels, Pauli's principle, Mendelejev's periodical system, non-stacionary states, emission and absorption of photons, optical spectra of atoms, molecules, laser, interatomic bonds. Nuclear physics - binding energy difference, nuclear reactions, radioactive decay, fission, fusion, nuclear and hydrogen bomb, radiation and living organism, application of nuclear radiation, nuclear reactor, elementary particles, high-energy physics.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monological explanation (lecture, presentation,briefing), Practicum
  • Class attendance - 70 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Optical phenomena are described as a result of interaction of charged particles with electromagnetic field. Geometrical optics is considered as an approximation of wave optics. Quantuum optics is based on quantuum absorption and emission of electromagnetic waves. Basic principles of quantum physics are used when discusseng properties of atoms.
Fundamental knowledge of physics for selected topics (optics, atoms).
Prerequisites
Credit for subject Physics 2.

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral exam, Written exam

Requirements for credit are activity on practising and successful passing tests. Examination is in written and oral form.
Recommended literature
  • BEISER, A. Úvod do moderní fyziky. Praha: Academia, 1978.
  • Feynman, R.P., Leighton, R.B., Sands, M. Feynmanovy přednášky z fyziky 1;2;3. Havlíčkův Brod: Fragment, 2000.
  • HALLIDAY, D., RESNICK, R., WALKER, J. Fyzika 4 - Elektromagnetické vlny - Optika - Relativita, 5 - Moderní fyzika. Vutium Brno, Prometheus Praha, 2007. ISBN 8021418680.
  • Kittel, Ch. Úvod do fyziky pevných látek. Academia Praha, 1985.
  • Kopal, A. a kol. Příklady z fyziky II. Liberec: TUL, 2006. ISBN 80-7372-123-6.
  • Malý, P. Optika. Karolinum, Praha, 2008.
  • Mikš, A. Fyika 3. ČVUT, 2008.
  • Ohanian, H.C. Physics. Norton And Comp. New York, London, 1988.
  • SKÁLA, L. Úvod do kvantové mechaniky. Praha: Academia, 2005.
  • Wagner, J., Kopal, A. Fyzika II. TU v Liberci, 1995.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Mechatronics, Informatics and Interdisciplinary Studies Study plan (Version): Electronic Information and Control Systems (2012) Category: Electrical engineering, telecommunication and IT 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Summer
Faculty: Faculty of Mechatronics, Informatics and Interdisciplinary Studies Study plan (Version): Applied Sciences in Engineering (2019) Category: Special and interdisciplinary fields 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Summer
Faculty: Faculty of Mechatronics, Informatics and Interdisciplinary Studies Study plan (Version): Electronic Information and Control Systems (2012) Category: Electrical engineering, telecommunication and IT 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Summer
Faculty: Faculty of Mechatronics, Informatics and Interdisciplinary Studies Study plan (Version): Applied Sciences in Engineering (2016) Category: Special and interdisciplinary fields 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Summer