1. Special relativity theory  light wave velocity, experimental proof of nonexistence of light propagation environment (ether), MichelsonMorley experiment. 2. Fundamentals of special relativity theory  light velocity independence on the observer's motion, length contraction, time dilation, simultaneity of events, Lorentz transformation, mass and energy relation, Čerenkov radiation. 3. Quantum physics  Waveparticle duality, photoelectric effect, emission and absoption of light quantum, XRay and its diffraction. 4. Compton effect, red shift, de Broglie's hypothesis, DavissonGermer experiment, EstermannSternFrisch experiment. Heisenberg uncertainty principle. 5. Fundamentals of quantum theory  wave function, Schrödinger equation, physical quantity operators and their commutators. 6. Harmonic oscillator, potential hole, tunneling effect. 7. Manyelectroc atoms, quantum numbers, periodic table of elements, rules for the electronic level occupation (Pauli exclusion principle, Hund rule). 8. Proof of electron's spin  SternGerlach experiment. Selection rules for spectral lines, their splitting in external magnetic field  normal and anomal Zeemann effect. 9. Statistical physics, fundamentals of quantum statistics, blackbody radiation, RayleighJeans law, Planck radiation law. 10. Statistical distribution for quantum particle systems  bosons and fermions (BoseEinstein and Fermi Dirac distribution), specific heat of solid state. 11. Physics of solid state  Atom models, Thompson model, Rutherford scattering experiments, Bohr model of hydrogen atom. 12. Emission and absorption spectra of molecules and atoms  rotation and vibration states. FranckHertz experiment, ionization energy. Electron band structure in solids and its consequences. 13. Chemical bond  covalent, metallic and ionic. Characteristic properies of metals, semiconductors and dielectrics. 14. Nuclear physics and astrophysics  Nucleus and its composition from nucleons, nuclear forces and bond energy, radioactive decay, nuclear reactions and their effective crosssection, elementary particles, their interactions, conservation laws.


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