Course: General psychology

» List of faculties » FP » KPP
Course title General psychology
Course code KPP/PSO-B
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Seminary
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 2
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory, Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements Course does not contain work placement
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Nišponská Magda, PhDr. Ph.D.
  • Břečková-Chalupová Eva, PhDr. Ph.D.
  • Jedlička Richard, doc. PhDr. Ph.D.
  • Josífková Jitka, PhDr. Ph.D.
Course content
1. Psychological sciences and the subject of their research; impact on education. Nomotic and idiographic approach to exploring the human psyche (advantages x disadvantages). Psychology conceived as a scientific discipline dealing with behavioral manifestations and their conditionality; psychology as a science of thought and experience. Holistic x reductionist approach to man. Main psychological directions and their insight into human psyche (major leaders: influence on the development of science). Psychological disciplines and their methods. 2. Determination of human psyche - biological, environmental and socio-cultural; inner and outer. Perception (counters, perceptions, perceptual disorders); attention, imagination, memory (types of memory); thinking, language, speech. Cognitive processes. Thinking operations. Problem solving. 3. Emotions, emotional disorders. Consciousness, its states and disorders. Me and self-understanding; feeling of integrity and continuity; Disorders of eating. Personality psychology - personality structure; different approaches to exploring the structure and personality development. Temperament. Extraverts and introverts. Emotionality of personality; stability vs. lability. 4. Skills and interests. Intelligence: types of intelligence and their measurement. Motivational personality page. Motiv, target; instincts, needs, interests, aspirations; physiological, psychological and social needs as motivational factors. Will and self-control. Character - relationship attitudinal characteristics of personality. Dynamic concept of personality. 5. Learning and its assumptions; reflexes, instincts (meaning for humans); imprinting, classical conditioning, reinforcement, extinction, operative conditioning, observer learning, heuristic learning, guided learning. Social interactions and communication (basic types of communication). Development of mental functions. The influence of the socio-cultural environment on the development of speech and thinking. Socialization and its important factors, social role; social groups, types of groups; the influence of the group on the individual; group relationships; conformity; prosocial and antisocial behavior. 6. Burden and stress, influence on the body, adaptation, vulnerability, resistance; consequences of severe or long-term stress. Mental disorders and illnesses; causes, possibilities of positive influence and prevention; role of education. Ethical problems in psychology; issues of research on psychological phenomena and human behavior. 7. The importance of psychological theories for pedagogy; deep dynamic conceptions of personality; instinct vs. socialization and culture (Freud, Adler, Jung); the influence of socioeconomic and psychosocial factors on personality in the concepts of E. Fromm, K. Horney, E. H. Erikson; trait and factor theory, importance for education; will to sense in Frankl; Maslow's hierarchy of needs; tendency to self-actualization in Rogers.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monological explanation (lecture, presentation,briefing), Dialogue metods(conversation,discussion,brainstorming), Self-study (text study, reading, problematic tasks, practical tasks, experiments, research, written assignments)
  • Preparation for exam - 12 hours per semester
  • Class attendance - 8 hours per semester
  • Preparation for exam - 12 hours per semester
  • Class attendance - 28 hours per semester
  • Home preparation for classes - 14 hours per semester
  • Home preparation for classes - 8 hours per semester
  • Preparation for credit - 12 hours per semester
  • Preparation for credit - 12 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The aim of the course is to familiarize students with the basic concepts of psychology. The course helps student to gain a general orientation in psychological disciplines and the most influential theories about the essence of human experience, thinking and behavior.
After completion of the course student will be able: 1. to understand the content of prescribed curriculum of General psychology 2. to reflect the topic critically 3. to demonstrate specific intellectual skills gained in a course in writing of a semestral paper 4. to apply gained knowledge in educational process
Prerequisites
Student has basic knowledge of general psychology.

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral exam, Written assignment

Obtaining the credit is conditioned by at least 75% participation in seminars and submission of seminar paper at the last seminar in the winter semester. The text of the paper presents an overview of key information and a critical analysis of the content of at least 2 books from the syllabus. If necessary, the student will complete the text before granting the credit, according to the teacher's instruction. Paper for each publication should be prepared in at least 4 standard pages. The study and processing of Drapela's text (Overview of personality theories) is binding for all. The second compulsory elective book in the field of general psychology is selected from the works of one of the following authors: Helus, Hill, Kern et al., Nakonečný, Plháková, Říčan, Vágnerová. During the exam, the student has to prove the ability to think critically about the entire textbook, so it is not possible to process only selected chapters. Studying and processing the third and next book is positively evaluated in the exam. The selection of the text for the seminar paper cannot be done from the auxiliary literature; this is given exclusively in case of possible ambiguities during the self-study. Requirement for the exam is to obtain compensation and orientation in the studied issue of the extent of syllabus. The exam is carried out in the form of debate over the specific subjects of the syllabus and potential application in the context of direct educational activities; the input part of the test involves a debate on a structured critical analysis of studied literature. Student will bring printed seminar papers for the exam.
Recommended literature
  • ADLER, A. Člověk, jaký je. Praha: Portál, 2018. ISBN 978-80-262-1385-7.
  • BLATNÝ, Marek. Psychologie osobnosti: hlavní témata, současné přístupy. Praha: Grada, 2010. ISBN 978-80-247-3434-7.
  • COLLINOVÁ, C., et al. Kniha psychologie. Praha: Knižní klub, 2014. ISBN 978-80-242-4316-0.
  • Cummins, D. D. Záhady experimentální psychologie. Praha: Portál, 2006. ISBN 80-7367-173-5.
  • DRAPELA, V. J. Přehled teorií osobnosti. Praha: Portál, 2011. ISBN 978-80-262-0040-6.
  • FRANKL, V. E. A přesto říci životu ano. Praha: Karmelitánské nakladatelství, 2018. ISBN 978-80-7566-022-0.
  • FREUD, S. Přednášky k úvodu do psychoanalýzy. Praha: Portál, 2020. ISBN 978-80-262-1573-8.
  • FROMM, E. Strach ze svobody. Praha: Portál, 2014. ISBN 978-80-262-0615-6.
  • HARTL, P., HARTLOVÁ, H. Psychologický slovník. Praha: Portál, 2009. ISBN 978-80-7367-569-1.
  • HELUS, Z. Úvod do psychologie. Praha: Grada, 2011. ISBN 978-80-247-3037-0.
  • HILL, G. Moderní psychologie: hlavní oblasti současného studia lidské psychiky. Praha: Portál, 2004. ISBN 80-7178-641-1.
  • JAFFÉ, A. Vzpomínky, sny, myšlenky C. G. Junga. Praha: Portál, 2015. ISBN 978-80-262-0803-7.
  • KERN, H., a kol. Přehled psychologie. Praha: Portál, 2015. ISBN 978-80-262-0871-6.
  • MASLOW, A. H. O psychologii bytí. Praha: Portál, 2014. ISBN 978-80-262-0618-7.
  • MCGUIRE, W., HULL, R. F. C., eds. Rozhovory s C. G. Jungem. Praha: Portál, 2015. ISBN 978-80-262-0914-0.
  • MILGRAM, S. Poslušnost vůči autoritě. Praha: Portál, 2017. ISBN 978-80-262-1238-6.
  • NAKONEČNÝ, M. Lexikon psychologie. Praha: Vodnář, 2013. ISBN 978-80-7439-056-2.
  • NAKONEČNÝ, M. Úvod do psychologie. Praha: Academia, 2003. ISBN 80-200-0993-0.
  • NAKONEČNÝ, M. Základy psychologie. Praha: Academia, 2004. ISBN 80-200-1290-7.
  • NAKONEČNÝ, Milan. Obecná psychologie. Praha: Triton, 2015. ISBN 978-80-7387-929-7.
  • PIAGET, J. Psychologie inteligence. Praha: Portál, 1999. ISBN 80-7178-309-9.
  • PLHÁKOVÁ, A. Dějiny psychologie. Praha: Grada, 2006. ISBN 80-247-0871-X.
  • PLHÁKOVÁ, A. Učebnice obecné psychologie. Praha: Academia, 2005. ISBN 978-80-200-1499-3.
  • PONĚŠICKÝ, J. Člověk a jeho postavení ve světě. Praha: Triton, 2006. ISBN 80-7254-861-1.
  • ROGERS, C. R. Způsob bytí. Praha: Portál, 2014. ISBN 978-80-262-0597-5.
  • ŘÍČAN, P. Psychologie. Praha: Portál, 2013. ISBN 978-80-262-0532-6.
  • SHEEHY, N. Encyklopedie nejvýznamnějších psychologů. Brno: Barrister & Principal, 2005..
  • VÁGNEROVÁ, Marie. Obecná psychologie: Dílčí aspekty lidské psychiky a jejich orgánový základ. Praha: Karolinum, 2016. ISBN 978-80-246-3268-1.
  • VYGOTSKIJ, L. S. Psychologie myšlení a řeči. Praha: Portál, 2017. ISBN 978-80-262-1258-4.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester