Course: Quantum Mechanics 1

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Course title Quantum Mechanics 1
Course code MTI/KM1
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech, English
Status of course Compulsory, Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements Course does not contain work placement
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Márton Pavel, Ing. Ph.D.
Course content
Course programme: 1. Introductory notes and course policies, motivation, main features of the quantum mechanics. Important experiments: Planck radiation law, photoeffect, Compton scattering, double-split experiment, emission spectra of atoms, Franck-Hertz experiment. Limits of the classical description of matter, boundary between classical and quantum physics. 2. Basics of mathematics and physics. Phase space in classical and quantum physics, Hilbert space, basis of vector space, norm, normalization, periodic functions in complex space, plane wave, orthonormality, operators in the state space, hermitian operators, spectrum of operators, matrix representation of operators in finite-dimensional vector spaces, transformation of coordinates, spherical coordinates, determinant, etc. Examples. 3. De Broglie hypothesis, wave function, Schrödinger equation, interpretation of the wave function. 4. Description of properties a quantum particle. Operators of velocity and position of a quantum particle. Correspondence principle. Eigenstates and spectra of operators, their physical meaning. 5. Quantum particle in a potential well. One-dimensional classical harmonic oscillator, quantum particle in a harmonic potential, eigenstates, link between classical and quantum oscillator. Three-dimensional harmonic oscillator. 6. State of a quantum system, complete set of observables. Operator of angular momentum. Quantum particle in a symmetric potential. Special case of harmonic and Coulomb potential. 7. Hydrogen, emission spectrum of hydrogen. Tunneling. Recapitulation of presented topics. 8. Measurement of physical quantities, Heisenberg uncertainty principles, consequences. 9. Time-dependent Schrödinger equation, equation of continuity, development of a quantum particle, integrals of motion, Ehrenfest theorem. 10. Stern-Gerlach experiment. A Quantum particle in a homogeneous magnetic field. Spin. 11. Systems of multiple particles, distinguishable particles, indistinguishable particles. Pauli principle. 12. Structure of atoms, Mendelejev's periodic table of the chemical elements. 13. Gentle introduction to a quantum physics of solids. Band structure. Bonds in solids, covalent bonding. 14. Technologically important applications of quantum physics. Summary of topics. Preparation for the exams. Practise: Directly related to the lectures. Meaning and consequences of principles, axioms, and derived relations are demonstrated on carefully chosen and easily solvable examples.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monological explanation (lecture, presentation,briefing)
  • Class attendance - 56 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The course explains the fundamentals of quantum physics and demonstrates the application of its principles on examples.
Graduates from this course will obtain basic knowledge of quantum mechanics.

Assessment methods and criteria
Combined examination

Active attendance and good performance in the tutorials. The exams are both written and oral.
Recommended literature
  • Ashcroft, W., N., Mermin, N.D. Solid State Physics. Saunders College Publishing, 1976.
  • Feynman, R. P., Leighton, R. B., Sands, M. Feynmanove prednášky z fyziky I.. Havlíčkův Brod: Fragment, 2000.
  • Formánek, J. Úvod do kvantové teorie. Academia Praha, 2004.
  • Hlavatý, L. Slabikář kvantové mechaniky. ČVUT Praha, 2000.
  • Kittel, Ch. Úvod do fyziky pevných látek. Academia, Praha, 1985.
  • SKÁLA, L. Úvod do kvantové mechaniky. Praha: Academia, 2005.
  • Štoll, I. Elektřina a magnetismus. ČVUT Praha, 1998.
  • Štoll, I., Tolar, J. Teoretická fyzika. ČVUT Praha, 2000.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Mechatronics, Informatics and Interdisciplinary Studies Study plan (Version): Applied Sciences in Engineering (2016) Category: Special and interdisciplinary fields 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter