### Course: Physics I

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 Course title Physics I KFY/FYZ1 Lecture + Lesson Bachelor not specified Summer 5 Czech Compulsory Face-to-face Course does not contain work placement None
Lecturer(s)
• Erhart Jiří, prof. Mgr. Ph.D.
• Vokurka Karel, prof. Ing. DrSc.
Course content
Physical methods, physical quantities, international system of units, basics of vector calculus. Kinematics of a particle. Frame of reference, position, trajectory, average velocity, instantaneous velocity. Acceleration of a particle, uniform motion, motion with constant acceleration, non-uniform and uniform circular motion. Dynamics of a particle. Force, the Newton's first law, momentum, the Newton's second law, impulse, the Newton's third law, equation of motion, weight force, friction force, centrifugal forces, Galilean transformation, motion in a non-inertial frame of reference. Work, power, efficiency, kinetic and potential energy, law of mechanical energy conservation. Dynamics of a system of particles. The Newton's second law for a system of particles, principle of conservation of momentum, moment of force, momentum. Centre of mass, rotational analog of Newton's second law for a system of particles, principle of conservation of an angular momentum. Dynamics of a rigid body, centre of mass of a body, translational and rotational motion of a rigid body, moment of inertia of a body, angular momentum of a body, the equation of rotational motion, work and power in rotational motion, equilibrium of rigid bodies. Elastic bodies, deformation of elastic bodies, collision of bodies. Gravitational field. Newton's law of universal gravitation, intensity of gravitational field, gravitational field of the Earth. Work and potential energy in gravitational field, potential of gravitational field. Free oscillations without damping, dynamics of oscillations, kinematics of oscillations, energy of an oscillator. Physical and simple pendulum. Superposition of oscillations of the same frequency, vector methods in superposition of oscillations, superposition of oscillations of different frequencies. Free damped oscillations, forced oscillations, resonance.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monological explanation (lecture, presentation,briefing)
• Class attendance - 56 hours per semester
• Class attendance - 14 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Physical methods, physical quantities, kinematics of a particle, dynamics of a particle, work and energy, dynamics of a system of particles, dynamics of a rigid body, gravitational field, oscillations
Basic knowledge of physics.
Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of differential and integral calculus.

Assessment methods and criteria
Written exam

Examination is in written form, a knowledge of problems solved at seminars and of lectured topics is required
Recommended literature
• GIANCOLI, D. C. Physics: principles with applications. 2016. ISBN 978-1-292-05712-5.
• Halliday D., Resnick R., Walker J. Fyzika, část 1 a 2. VUTIUM Brno a PROMETHEUS Praha, 2000. ISBN 80-214-1868-0.
• HORÁK, Z., KRUPKA, F. Fyzika, Sv. 1 a 2. SNTL Praha, 1976.
• KOPAL, A. a kol. Příklady z fyziky I.. Liberec, 2008. ISBN 80-7083-804-3.
• SAMEK, L., ČERNÝ, F. Fyzika v příkladech. Mechanika. Praha: Academia, 2014.