Course: Physics

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Course title Physics
Course code KFY/AFY
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 6
Language of instruction Czech, English
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements Course does not contain work placement
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
Lecturer(s)
  • Erhart Jiří, prof. Mgr. Ph.D.
Course content
1. Vibration. Free non-damped vibration. Kinematics and dynamics of vibration, energy of vibration. Addition of vibrations with the same frequency, vector diagram for vibration, addition of different frequency vibrations, beats. Free damped vibration, equation of motion, attenuation. Resonance. 2. Waves. Wave equation, harmonic waves, interference, standing waves, wave propagation in space. Energy and intensity of waves, fundamentals of acoustics. 3. Elastic properties of isotropic and anisotropic materials. Solid body deformation, impacts of bodies. 4. Properties of liquids and gasses. Hydrostatic pressure, Archimedes principle, Pascal law, flow of liquids, continuity equation, Bernoulli equation. Surface tension, viscosity. 5. Kinetic theory of gasses, statistical description, Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution of molecule velocities. Equation of state for an ideal gas, phase diagram, phase equilibrium, Clausius-Clapeyron equation. Air humidity. 6. Heat, entropy. First, second and third law of thermodynamics. Relation between internal energy and temperature. Relation between entropy and thermodynamic probability. Heat conductivity, heat conductivity equation, contact temperature. 7. Electrostatics. Potential and intensity of electric field and their relationship, electrical forces, energy of electric field, capacity and energy of charged capacitor. Current conduction in liquids and gasses, electrolysis, Faraday law of electrolysis. 8. Magnetisms. Magnetic field of conductor with current and permanent magnets, Biot-Savart law, electromagnetic induction, Faraday law, Ampere law, energy of magnetic field for coil with current. Diamagnetisms, paramagnetisms, ferromagnetisms. 9. Wave optics, diffraction and interference of light, dispersion, optical grid. Light polarization, Brewster angle, double refraction. 10. Reflection and refraction of light, index of refraction, total refraction. Optical instruments, microscope, magnifying glass, telescope. 11. Electromagnetic radiation spectrum, photometry, light absorption, spectroscopy, infrared radiation, light sources, ultraviolet radiation, X-Ray, gamma radiation. Fundamentals of quantum optics. Planck blackbody radiation law, photoelectric effect, converse photoelectric effect. 12. Thermal radiation - light bulb, sun radiation. Bulbs and discharge lamps. Fluorescence and interference of light. 13. Atom physics. Introduction, Rutherford and Bohr model of atom, stimulated radiation, laser. Many electron atoms, periodic table of elements, occupation rules for electron levels in atom, Pauli exclusion principle, Hund principle. Franck - Hertz experiment, ionization energy. Band electron structure in solids and its consequences. Chemical bond - covalent, metallic and ionic. Characteristic properties of metals, semiconductors and dielectrics. 14. Nuclear physics. Radioactive decay, nuclear radiation detectors, absorption of nuclear radiation, bond energy of nucleus, dose of radiation, absorbed dose. Tutorials: Tutorial is devoted to the calculation of problems for studied topics.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monological explanation (lecture, presentation,briefing)
  • Class attendance - 56 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Kinematics, dynamics, heat, electrostatics, light, nuclear and atom physics.
Fundamental knowledge of physics for selected topics.
Prerequisites
Fundamental knowledge of mathematics, derivations and integrals.

Assessment methods and criteria
Written exam

The activity on seminars and successful passing tests are required for credit. Examination is in written form. The knowledge of lectured topics is required. Distant education - Tutorials and lectures are on-line in Google Meet, tests for record and exam partly on-line in written form (elearning.tul.cz) and partly in oral form.
Recommended literature
  • D. C. Giancoli. Physics, Principles with applications. 2016. ISBN 978-1-292-05712-5.
  • Halliday, D. Resnick, R., Walker, J. Fyzika svazek 1.-4.. Prometheus, Praha, 2000. ISBN 81-7196-213-9.
  • SAMEK L., ČERNÝ F. Fyzika v příkladech pro studenty vysokých škol. Praha, 2014. ISBN 978-80-200-2319-3.
  • SAMEK Ladislav a Petr VLČÁK. Fyzika v příkladech II. Praha: Academia, 2017. ISBN 978-80-200-2657-6.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Textile Engineering Study plan (Version): Clothing and Textile Engineering (ANG) Category: Textile production and clothing industry 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Textile Engineering Study plan (Version): Quality Control (2012) Category: Special and interdisciplinary fields 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Textile Engineering Study plan (Version): Nonwoven and Nanomaterials (ANG) Category: Textile production and clothing industry 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Textile Engineering Study plan (Version): Nonwoven and Nanomaterials (2012) Category: Textile production and clothing industry 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Textile Engineering Study plan (Version): Clothing and Textile Engineering (2012) Category: Textile production and clothing industry 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Textile Engineering Study plan (Version): Quality Control (12) Category: Special and interdisciplinary fields 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Textile Engineering Study plan (Version): Product Engineering (2012) Category: Special and interdisciplinary fields 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Textile Engineering Study plan (Version): Product Engineering (2012) Category: Special and interdisciplinary fields 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Textile Engineering Study plan (Version): Clothing and Textile Engineering (2018) Category: Textile production and clothing industry 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Textile Engineering Study plan (Version): Clothing and Textile Technology (2012) Category: Textile production and clothing industry 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Textile Engineering Study plan (Version): Clothing and Textile Technology (2012) Category: Textile production and clothing industry 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Textile Engineering Study plan (Version): Clothing and Textile Technology (2012) Category: Textile production and clothing industry 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Textile Engineering Study plan (Version): Clothing and Textile Engineering (2012) Category: Textile production and clothing industry 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Textile Engineering Study plan (Version): Product Engineering (2012) Category: Special and interdisciplinary fields 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Textile Engineering Study plan (Version): Clothing and Textile Engineering (2018) Category: Textile production and clothing industry 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Textile Engineering Study plan (Version): Product Engineering (12) Category: Special and interdisciplinary fields 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter