Course: Comfort of Clothes and its Ergonomic Aspects

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Course title Comfort of Clothes and its Ergonomic Aspects
Course code KHT/D107
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Doctoral
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 0
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements Course does not contain work placement
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Hes Luboš, prof. Ing. DrSc.
Course content
- Definition of clothing comfort. Marketing aspects of certified clothing. Components of psychological comfort. Individual aspects in psychological comfort. Pato-physiological comfort. Some ergonomical aspects of clothing comfort. - Sensorial comfort and psycho-sensoric principles of human perception. Stephen´s law. Skin sensors. Moisture perception. The IBH Hohenstein method of sensoric comfort evaluation. The survey of parameters influencing hand feeling of fabrics methods and FOM instruments for the evaluation of mechanical properties and hand of textiles. Non-orthodox methods of FOM. Theory of thermal absorptivity. Small and noise of fabrics as components of sensorial comfort. - Fundamentals of human thermal physiology. Metabolic processes. Human body as a thermal engine. Energy generation, distribution and storing in a body. Basal and enhanced metabolic power. Temperature set points and limits in a body. Sweating glands and their control. - Thermo-physiological comfort. Equation of thermal equilibrium of a human body. Insensitive perspiration, perspiration by respiration, principal perspiration and their limits. - Fundamentals of heat transfer between human body and environment by conduction, convection and - Radiation. Fourier, Newton, Stephan-Boltzman and Wien laws. Boundary conditions, boundary layers. - Theory of thermal conductivity of fabrics. - Fundamentals of water vapour transfer between human body and environment. Fick´s laws. - Fundamentals of wetting and wicking of textile fabrics. Contact angle, capillary forces. Theory - of moisture absorptivity and related measuring meth - Parameters of textile fibres and yarns which affect the thermos-physiological comfort of fabrics and structures of ever-dry double-layered and other fabrics containing PES / PP special section fibres. - Modern methods of determination of thermos-physiological and thermal contact properties of fabrics. - The effect of moisture on thermos-physiological and thermal contact properties of fabrics, and special methods of testing of these properties in wet state. Theory of the in-plane water vapour conduction in fabrics. - Functional clothing. Application of semi-permeable membranes and coatings on fabrics. Testing of hydrostatic resistance and air resistance of fabrics. - Possibilities of design of clothing with required sensorial and thermos-physiological comfort.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Self-study (text study, reading, problematic tasks, practical tasks, experiments, research, written assignments), Independent creative and artistic activities, Individual consultation, Seminár
Learning outcomes
Main aim of this subject is to explain the clothing comfort principles, along with all theoretical knowledge and experimental skills, which will make the student able to design the clothing with required sensorial and particularly thermos-physiological comfort. The student also should learn to operate modern non-destructive methods of determination of comfort of fabrics and clothing and to use the results in marketing of textile products.
The student will acquire detailed knowledge of the subject in the area according to the approval of the Branch Board

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral exam

oral examination before a committee appointed by the Dean. Written work in the recommended range of 20 pages.
Recommended literature
  • CENGEL, Y. Heat and Mass Transfer. McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math, 2007. ISBN 978-0-073-25035-9.
  • DAS, A., ALAGIRUSAMY. R. Science in Clothing Comfort. Woodhead Publishing India, 2010. ISBN 978-1-845-69789-1.
  • HES, L., SLUKA, P. Úvod do komfortu textilií. Liberec: Skriptum FT TUL, 2005. ISBN 80-708-3926-0.
  • CHUNDELA, L. Ergonomie. Praha: ČVUT, 2005. ISBN 80-01-02301-X.
  • KUNEŠ, J. a kol. Tepelné bariéry. Praha: Academia, 2003. ISBN 80-200-1218-4.
  • ŠESTÁK, J., RIEGER, F. Přenosové jevy I ? Přenos tepla. Praha: Skriptum fakulty strojní ČVUT, 1972.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester