Course: Textile Technology

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Course title Textile Technology
Course code KTT/AJT
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction English
Status of course Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements Course does not contain work placement
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Yalcinkaya Fatma, MSc. Ph.D.
  • Moučková Eva, Ing. Ph.D.
  • Kolčavová Sirková Brigita, doc. Ing. Ph.D.
  • Lenfeldová Irena, Ing. Ph.D.
  • Mazari Adnan Ahmed, Ing. Ph.D.
  • Šašková Jana, Ing. Ph.D.
  • Venkataraman Mohanapriya, M.Tech., M.F.Tech., Ph.D.
Course content
Přednášky: 1. - 2. Textile fibers and testing: Classification of textile fibers. Gross and fine structure of natural and chemical fibers. Properties and uses of natural and man-made fibers. Basic testing of fiber properties. 3. - 4. Yarn manufacture and yarn structure and properties: Principles of opening, cleaning and mixing/blending of fibrous materials; Working principle of modern opening and cleaning lines; The technology of carding; Drafting operation, arrangements in drafting systems; Principles of cotton combing; Roving production; Principle of ring spinning and rotor spinning. Relation between the most important yarn properties and yarn structure. 5. - 6. Woven fabric manufacture and woven fabric structure: definition of woven fabric parameters, description of technological process of weaving technology, selection of steps in preparation of material for weaving; description of weaving machines, selection of mechanism of weaving machines: shedding mechanism (dobby and jacquard); mechanics of weft insertion (shuttle and shut-less); construction and patterning of woven fabric. 7. - 8. Knitted fabric manufacture and knitted fabric structure: Basic principles of knitting; Basic weft and warp knitted constructions; Relation between knitting machines and yarn quality, Features and Productivity of different types of machines; Geometry of loops; Control of loop length, fabric weight and dimensions; Structure property relations of knitted fabrics. 9. - 10. Dyeing and finishing: Preparatory Processes: Chemistry and practice of preparatory processes for cotton, wool and silk. Mercerization of cotton. Preparatory processes for chemical fibers; Dyeing. Batchwise and continuous dyeing machines. Evaluation of fastness properties Finishing: Mechanical finishing of cotton. 11. - 12. Nonwoven fabric production and structure of nonwoven fabric: Overview of nonwovens: Definition, Structure, and Creation, Staple-fiber based processes: fiber preparation and web formation, Web bonding processes: Mechanical Thermal, and Chemical, Polymer-extrusion based technologies: Spunbond and Melt-blown, Finishing processes: Mechanical and chemical 13. - 14. Clothing and ready-made garment: brief introduction to clothing, clothing measurements, clothing sizes, pattern makings, sampling, cutting, induction, stitching machines, stitching, trimming, finishing, packing. Laboratory workshops: The exercises are based on the lecture as presentation of process in technological laboratories FT TUL.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monological explanation (lecture, presentation,briefing), Dialogue metods(conversation,discussion,brainstorming)
  • Class attendance - 56 hours per semester
  • Home preparation for classes - 30 hours per semester
  • Preparation for exam - 30 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The course Textile Technology will enable students of all specializations to get basic information and knowledge in technological processes of the textile fields. This is knowledge necessary for understanding the materials, processes and products specific to their specialization. The subject is taught in English, English terminology will help students read and study foreign literature during bachelor / diploma work
After attending the course, the student will have a basic idea about the technological processes in textile field. Students will be able to read english literature available in their field during the Bc. / MS. project work. This course will prepare students to read advanced courses in textile field.
The student is assumed to have a background in physics, chemistry and mathematics. Student should be able to understand the basic scientific principles behind the operations and mechanisms in textile processes.

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral exam

Direct teaching: Credit: Active participation in practice and lectures Exam: Oral Indirect teaching: Credit: Active participation in on-line lectures, fulfilling all tasks assigned by individual teachers Exam: On-line test
Recommended literature
  • Pattern Cutting for Clothing Using CAD. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Oxford, 2012. ISBN 9780857092311.
  • Soubor přednášek v angličtině na
  • AU, Kin-Fan. Advances in Knitting Technology. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2011. ISBN 9781845693725.
  • FUNG, W., HARDCASTLE, M. Textiles in automotive engineering. Lancaster: Technomic Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1- 58716-080-3.
  • GUPTA, Sadhir a Ankur GUPTA. Complete technology of nonwovens: fabrics, carry bags, composites, geotextiles, medical textiles, fibres, felts, apparels, spulance and absorbent nonwoven. Delhi: Engineers India Research Institute, 2013. ISBN 9789380772318.
  • JIRSÁK, O., WADSWORTH, L.C. Nonwoven Textiles. Carolina Academic Press, Durham, NC, 1999.
  • LAWRENCE C, A. Fundamentals of spun yarn technology.. Boca Raton: CRC Press LLC, 2003. ISBN 1-56676-821.
  • MATHER, Robert R. a Roger H. WARDMAN. The chemistry of textile fibres. 2nd edition. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015. ISBN 978-1-78262-023-5.
  • ORMEROD, Allan a Walter SONDHELM. Weaving: technology and operations.. Manchester: Textile Institute, 1998. ISBN 1-870812-76-X.
  • SABIT A. Handbook of Weaving. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2001. ISBN 978 1 58716 013 4.
  • SCHINDLER, W. D. a Peter J. HAUSER. Chemical finishing of textiles.. Cambridge: Woodhead, 2004. ISBN 0-8493- 2825-X.
  • SPENCER, D. Knitting Technology. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Oxford, 2001. ISBN 1 85573 333 1.
  • SREENIVASA MURTHY, H. V. Introduction to textile fibres. Revised edition.. New Delhi, India: Woodhead Publishing, 2016. ISBN 9789385059575.
  • TAO, X. Smart fibres, fabrics and clothing. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2001. ISBN 978-1-85573-546-0.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester