Course: Knitting

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Course title Knitting
Course code KTT/PL
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech, English
Status of course Compulsory, Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements Course does not contain work placement
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Lenfeldová Irena, Ing. Ph.D.
  • Ornstová Jana, Ing.
Course content
Lectures: 1. Preparation of material for weft and warp knitting technology. 2. Basics terms of knitting, knitting notations and constructions. 3. Weft single-faced knitted fabrics (notations, constructions, divinding according pattern, examples, sample presentations). 4. Weft double-faced knitted fabrics (notations, constructions, divinding according pattern, examples, and sample presentations). 5. Weft purl and interlock knitted fabrics (notations, constructions, divinding according pattern, examples, and sample presentations). 6. Properties of knitted fabrics. Knitted structures (special - fast starting courses, separating courses, structures for fabric shaping). 7. Actions of knitting machines; formation of knitted, tuck and float stitches, loop transfer. 8. Weft knitting machines and technologies; working and programming mechanisms of flat and circular weft knitting machines. 9. Patterning mechanisms of weft knitting machines. Needle selection (group and individual). 10. Diameter weft knitting machines. 11. Warp knitting structures (single and double). Warp knitting machines and principle of warp knitting technology. 12. Knitting mechanisms of machines and their mechanisms operating. Patterning mechanisms of warp knitted machines. 13. Fashioning (2-D, 3-D) of knitted fabrics. Systems of yarn supply to the knitting machines. 14. Fabric take-off, control devices and faults. Practices: A. Theoretical part - - tasks on basic knitting principles, knitted structures, dimensional stability of knitted fabrics, shaping of knitted products 1. Basic term of knitting technology. Knitting cycle (latch needle). Cams of flat knitting machines. Tuck and float stitches. 2. Knitting notations. Constructions of knitted fabrics. Knitting notations of separating couses. 3. Weft double-faced (rib) structures with low and high butts. Sample presentations. 4. Color patterning of weft knitting fabric. Examples and sample presentations. 5. Warp knitted fabric. Presentation of samples. 6. Theoretical credit. B. Practical part - working on knitting machines 1. Flat weft knitting machines. Special structures- fast starting courses. Double-faced knitted structures. 2. Sample realizations and working of special structures - separating couses. 3. Realization of basic double-faced knitted fabrics with float and tuck stitches. 4. Realization of basic double-faced knitted fabrics with miss stitches. 5. Realization of basic double-faced knitted fabrics with racking. 6. Individual knitting of basic and special double-faced structures. 7. Warp knitted structures - realization of individual pattern design. 8. Practical credit.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Demonstration, Working activities (workshops), Group consultation, Individual consultation, Lecture, Practicum, Students' portfolio, Students' self-study
  • Class attendance - 56 hours per semester
  • Individual project - 20 hours per semester
  • Preparation for credit - 20 hours per semester
  • Home preparation for classes - 10 hours per semester
  • Preparation for exam - 45 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Subject follows on the subject Textile Technologies I. Within the subject, the student will deepen the knowledge about the basics of knitting principles and terms. Topics related to the preparation of materials for knitting technology and the weft and warp knitting are discussed. Students will get to know the knitted patterns (weft and warp), their characteristics and functional principles of knits patterning in accordance with the working mechanisms of knitting machines, with the rules of flat and spatial shaping (fashioning) of knitwear. In general, other mechanisms and equipment of knitting machines are also mentioned.
Basic orientation in the production of knitting fabrics for clothing and technical applications. Specification and analysis of knitting structures, possibility of their production in the current portfolio of produced knitting machines. Characteristics and types of knitted fabrics, their applications and patterning possibilities, shaping (fashioning) and production of knitted goods.
Základní znalosti principů pletení a pletařských vazeb na úrovni předmětu TT1 - Textilní technologie I.

Assessment methods and criteria
Combined examination, Practical exam

Credit: Active participation in practices and lectures, elaboration and successful defense of all theoretical and practical task of the practice. Obtaining skills with handling of flat knitting machines, making a sample of special knitted fabrics according to the model. Passing of the credit test. Distance form: Active participation with the lecturer in the distance form within the assigned topics, elaboration of the assignment of the relevant topics assigned by the distance form. Submission of assignments and project work by the end of the semester according to the TUL schedule. Examination: written and oral.
Recommended literature
  • Soubor českých přednášek na
  • Webové stránky výrobce pletařských elementů (
  • KOČÍ, V. Vazby pletenin. Praha: SNTL - Nakladatelství technické literatury, 1980. ISBN 04-825-80.
  • KOVÁŘ, R. Pletení, skriptum FT TUL, 2. upravené vydání. Liberec: Technická univerzita v Liberci, 2001. ISBN 80-7083-446-3.
  • KOVAŘÍKOVÁ, M. Vazby a rozbory pletenin. Praha: SNTL - Nakladatelství technické literatury, 1987. ISBN 04-830-87.
  • SPENCER, D. J. Knitting technology.. Leicester Polytechnic, Pergamon Press, England, 1983. ISBN 9780080247632.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester